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Back To Basics!

Back to Basics: Shotting Patterns


We take a close look at shotting patterns and the variations you can use…

It is important when deciding what shotting pattern you use to think about what you are trying to achieve by laying out your shot in such a way. Do you want a natural fall of the bait to try and trick wary fish into taking your bait? Or do you want to get your bait to the bottom fast to ensure your bait is in place in the quickest possible time? Here are a few variations for you to try next time you are out on the bank.


A) Bulk and droppers

Simple, but effective. Probably the most readily used shotting pattern, the bulk ensures the rig gets down to a certain depth quickly while the droppers allow for a slower fall of your hook bait into the area of the swim where you are hoping to catch the fish.

Placing your dropper shot six inches apart and your bulk seven inches above the second dropper will help to reduce tangles.


B) Spread Bulk

A positive shotting pattern that aids bite detection. Starting above your hooklength, shot can be placed anywhere from half an inch to two inches apart. The further apart the shot, the less resistance when a fish picks up your bait.

A popular pattern when pellet fishing as this will keep your bait nailed on the bottom.


C) Bulk

An ultra-positive shotting pattern, usually used when fishing in shallow water or when fish are likely to disturb your rig in the water column.

The shot low down on the rig allow the rig to settle in the swim quickly, either straight after laying it in or if a fish moves it.


D) Strung Out

Spreading your shot out over the length of the rig will allow for a natural, even fall of the hook bait. This will allow you to explore all depths of the swim and read the float as each shot registers when it settles.

In deeper water you may choose to spread the shot out in just the bottom half of the rig.


E) Double Bulk

The go-to pattern when fishing overdepth. The first bulk allows you to dot your float down as normal and the second bulk, placed almost at dead depth (almost touching the bottom of the swim) allows for bite detection if a fish picks your hook bait up.

As the hook bait is lifted so will the second bulk be, resulting in a ‘lift bite’ shown as your float will rise up rather than go under like a standard bite.


F) Tapered

An adapted version of the strung-out pattern, the tapered shotting pattern allows your bait to fall gradually slower as it fully settles. It is particularly effective when fishing for roach on natural venues such as rivers or deep lakes.

Guide to pole float shotting…


Shot Size Shot Weight
No8 0.06g
No9 0.05g
No10 0.04g
No11 0.03g
No12 0.02g
No13 0.01g
Pole Float Size Weight
3x10 0.10g
4x10 0.15g
4x12 0.2g
4x14 0.4g
4x16 0.5g
4x18 0.75g
4x20 1g


Using the above charts should allow you to roughly shot your pole floats properly. Remember, different manufacturer’s pole floats may take slight variations of shot despite stating to be the same size. This is where a shotting tube can come in handy to fine-tune your float’s shotting.

Example: A 4x12 pole float takes 0.2g, you could therefore choose to use five No10 shot on your line to shot the float or even four No9s.

Five of the best shotting-related items!


1) Preston Innovations


Info: Hybrid shot designed to be used on larger diameter lines, although they work perfectly well on low-diameter line as well. Easily moved up and down your rig.

RRP: £8.99 or £1.99 (refills)


2) Sensas

Shotting Tube


Info: A brilliant addition to your rig making setup, this will allow you to shot your floats perfectly in the comfort of your home.

RRP: £19.99 (small), £37.99 (large)


3) Ballabeni

Split Shot


Info: Perfectly round shot with a central groove, often described as one of the best split shot available.

RRP: £4.99 (large pot), £7.99 (dispenser)


4) Stonfo

Levapiombo Shot Tool (Pliers/Remover)


Info: An extremely handy tool when out on the bank or when adding shot to your rig – add or remove shot with ease.

RRP: £7.50


5) Drennan

Lock & Slide Olivettes


Info: Olivettes are a neat alternative to shot when a big weight is needed to shot the float. These Drennan olivettes are brilliant.

RRP: £1.99


Is there an area of pole fishing you are struggling with? Feel free to send the Pole Fishing magazine team an e-mail to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and we’ll see if we can help!

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